Machine Buying Guide - Types
of Sewing Machines
There are three types of sewing machines-
mechanical sewing machines, electronic sewing
machines, and computerized sewing machines.
Since their introduction in 1800 till 1960's,
all sewing machines were mechanical. Mechanical
sewing machines are controlled by a rotary
wheel. They have knobs and dials to make
changes in the tension or the length or width
of the stitch.
Lockstitch sewing machines
make use of a hook and a bobbin thread to
create stitch patterns, whereas chain stitch
machines use a looper to form stitches. One of
the major drawbacks of chain stitching is that
it is very weak and the stitch can easily be
pulled apart. In addition to lock stitching and
chain stitching machines, there are blind
stitch and buttonhole-and-button-sewing
machines that use a spreader to create
Mechanical sewing machines
are less expensive and are the simplest type of
sewing machine in terms of build. Bernina 1008,
Kenmore 11101, Singer 6038, Elna 2005, Kenmore
Mini, Kenmore 15212, and Sears Kenmore 15218
are some of the mechanical sewing machines
available in the market.
By the year 1970, electronic sewing machines
became popular. There are more features in an
electronic sewing machine than in a mechanical
sewing machine. Instead of turning knobs or
dials, electronic sewing machines use button to
adjust length or width of the stitch.
Electronic sewing machines have motors; each
one is assigned with a specific task and is run
by electricity. Singer 7442, Singer 7462,
Singer CE-100 Futura, Elna 3230, and Janome
Decor Excel 5124 are some instances of
electronic sewing machines.
Another type is the
computerized sewing machine, which is very fast
and easy to use. Computerized sewing machines
are similar to electronic sewing machines. They
use the same chips and stepper motors that are
used in electronic machines. Besides, they
posses a microprocessor which helps the sewing
machine to accept new information in a card
form and create stitching patterns based on the
information loaded in the card. Singer CE-200
Quantum Futura, Singer Quantum XL-6000, Brother
SE270D, and Janome 8080 are some examples of
computerized sewing machine.
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