Professional Sewing Machine
can not be over emphasized.
The number one reason sewing machines breakdown
is neglect. But you can remedy this situation
and save hundreds of dollars all at the same
Now discover the secrets of
sewing machine repair for yourself. This
ecourse is designed to lead the beginning sewer
step by step to understanding how the sewing
machine works, how to maintain it, and how to
service it. This 240 page ecourse comes loaded
with sewing machine resources and
To guide your learning, a
step by step workbook is provided with the
reveals the tips and tricks
the pros use to maintain, service, and repair
A special collection of
manufacturer's parts and service manuals are
provided for educational purposes to help you
learn the essentials of sewing machine
To Learn More About This
For even more on sewing
machine repair of antique sewing machines,
sergers, and embroidery machines -----
How Do You Choose
The Right Stitch
And Properly Adjust It?
Sewing Machine Stitches?
include all the hand stitches, sewing machine
utility stitches, sewing machine decorative
stitches, serger stitches, and industrial
manufacturing stitches, you have a bunch of
stitches. On a moderately priced home
sewing machine you will find twenty to two
hundred different stitches plus variations in
stitch length and stitch width as well as
stretch factors. A top quality home
sewing machine will have eight hundred to a
thousand different stitches.
several distinctly different types of sewing
machines and each type uses slightly different
systems to select and form stitches.
Mechanical sewing machines
are the least expensive sewing machines and use
the most primitive technologies. An AC
electric motor turns a belt which turns the
upper sewing machine shaft. The upper
shaft transfers the mechanical energy along the
shaft past the cam system to the needle
system. A lever on a parabola connection
transfers the mechanical movement down to the
lower sewing machine shaft which may be split
into a dual lower shaft one to drive the hook
and a second to drive the feed dogs.
Stitches are formed in a mechanical machine by
aligning cam trackers (levers that rub against
a cam gear with bumps and shallows) with the
cam gear so that when the cam gear moved the
tracker lever will bounce back and forth.
This movement is then transferred by lever to
the needle assembly moving the needle bar back
and forth and up and down to form the desired
stitches. The alignment of the cam
trackers is achieved by use of levers, buttons,
or dials protruding on the top or face of the
sewing machine. The user moves the stitch
selector to the proper position, and the
trackers line up to form that stitch.
Additional dials or levers are used to adjust
the stitch length and stitch width.
Electronic sewing machines
use electronics to control the power drive
system and the stitch selection system.
Note many machines are blends of mechanicals
and electronic technologies, and others are
blends of electronics and computer
technologies. Fully electronic sewing
machines use electronic circuits to manage
motor output giving the sewing machine greater
torque, increased consistency, and smoother
sewing. Stitches are selected with
electronic buttons that control the production
of stitches. Electronic sewing machines
usually offer more different stitches and more
Computerized sewing machines
use the most advanced technologies to produce
the greatest number of different stitches,
smoothest sewing, and most dependable
operations. Computer input is made
either by touching buttons on the
computer keypad or a touch screen. The
computer takes the signal and manages a set of
DC pulse motors to create and manage
stitches. It is common for computerized
sewing machines to offer hundreds of different
To choose a stitch on a
mechanical sewing machine turn a dial, move a
lever, or press a button. On an
electronic sewing machine, press a button
attached to an electronic switch. On a
computerized sewing machine, press a button on
the computer keypad or touch the selection on a
computerize touch screen.
Three basic types of
stitches are used: Utility Stitches, Decorative
Stitches, and Button Holes.
Utility Stitches include the
straight stitch, the zig zag stitch, the blind
hem stitch, stretch stitches, the overcast
stitch, the blanket stitch, and other useful
stitches for practical purposes.
Decorative Stitches include
many varieties of satin stitches, outline
stitches, and specialty stitches.
Button Holes include four
step button holes, one step button holes,
darning stitches, and eyelet stitches.
What stitches does your
sewing machine have?
Take an inventory of your
sewing machine. Cut a long piece of test
fabric and begin sewing a short row of each
stitch your sewing machine offers. One by
one make your way through every stitch your
machine offers sew out each one and adjust the
length and width of the stitches to see all the
variations you have available. You may be
surprised by what your find. If your
sewing machine is a cheap mechanical machine,
it may only have straight and zig zag stitches
of various stitch function settings (varied
stitch length and/or width). If you have
a more expensive machine you may have twenty,
fifty, a hundred, or even hundreds of different
Make your own stitch set
book. Cut your stitch selections into
pieces about four inches long. Stack all
your pieces one on top of each other. Sew
a seam along one side and keep this stitch set
for later reference.
Now you know how to select
the various stitches on your sewing
machine. You also have a visual example
of each stitch.
To learn more about which
stitch is used for what; get all your sewing
answers at sewing answers. Com. Read more
about stitches at http://www.sewinganswers.com/SewingHobby.php
Donna Trumble is a professional designer,
seamstress, author, sewing educator, and sewing
business owner. She leads several
Sewing Show And Tell groups in her stores
guiding participants to shop sewing machines
and learn about sewing and quilting.
David Trumble is a sewing
professional, author, semi-retired minister,
sewing machine technician, and CFO of Temple
Sewing And Supply, Inc.